Making E-Mobility and Renewable Integration Work in Asia and the Pacific
E-mobility and renewable energy integration can provide reductions in emissions and improvements in energy access. By bringing these two systems together, the increase in electricity demand from e-mobility can act as an ‘anchor load’ — an incentive for network operators and generators to build more grid and generation, thereby increasing energy availability. As electric vehicle charging — whether provided through battery swapping stations or directly to the vehicle — is flexible, this naturally favors variable renewables such as wind and solar, whose outputs cannot be scheduled.
ADB and Climate Compatible Growth (CCG), a program funded under the Government of the United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), have collaborated on a working paper, the first in the series of a CCG series on e-mobility and renewable energy integration, and based on the output from a workshop held between CCG and ADB on “making transport electrification work for renewables integration in Asia and the Pacific”.
In this paper, a team of experts from ADB and CCG identify nine barriers to e-mobility and renewable energy integration in terms of upfront cost, locked-in governance and technology uptake. To overcome these barriers, we present a framework of enablers in terms of business models, policy mixes, financing options, and governance. Through case study, we discuss how these enablers have overcome barriers in practice to unlock the benefits of e-mobility and renewable energy integration.